Global Inventor Statistics: Tracking 5 MM plus Utility Patents and 5 MM plus Inventors (1/1/2002 - 3/28/2023)

Famous Inventors Born in February

Science constantly evolves, allowing us to understand and explain the unseen.

These scientists, born in February, are responsible for establishing new ideas and scientific disciplines by observing and discovering the laws of nature.

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Galileo Galilei (February 15, 1564 – January 8, 1642)

Galileo Galilei – was an Italian inventor and scientist who made groundbreaking contributions to physics, math, astronomy, and philosophy. He was the first to use a telescope to observe the night sky, which led to significant discoveries about the universe.

Galileo is known for discovering four large moons orbiting Jupiter and confirming the idea of heliocentrism, which suggests that the Earth and other planets revolve around the Sun. He also discovered sunspots.

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Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931) 

Thomas Edison – was a famous American inventor, scientist, and businessman. He developed many devices in fields such as electric power generationmass communicationsound recording, and motion pictures. These inventions, which include the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and early versions of the electric light bulb, have had a widespread impact on the modern industrialized world. Edison was a prolific inventor, with over 1,000 patents to his name.

Edison founded the Edison Electric Light Company, which was a leader in producing and distributing electricity. He was instrumental in building the electrical infrastructure of the United States.

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Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) 

Steve Jobs – was an American entrepreneur and business magnate who co-founded Apple Inc. with Steve Wozniak in 1976. Under Jobs’ leadership, Apple became one of the world’s most valuable companies and a leader in the development of personal computers, the Macintosh, the iPod, the iPhone, and the iPad. Jobs was known for his innovative thinking and his ability to bring groundbreaking products to market.

He is widely recognized as a pioneer of the personal computer revolution of the 1970s and 1980s.

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 Nicolaus Copernicus (19 February 1473 – 24 May 1543)

Nicolaus Copernicus – was a Polish astronomer and mathematician who is considered the father of modern astronomy. He proposed a revolutionary theory that the Sun, not the Earth, was the center of the solar system and that the Earth and other planets revolve around it. This heliocentric model challenged the long-held geocentric view and paved the way for further advancements in astronomy. Copernicus’ work laid the foundation for the Scientific Revolution.

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Charles Robert Darwin (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882)

Charles Darwin – was a naturalist and biologist, widely known for his contributions to evolutionary biology. His work on the origin of species and the descent of man revolutionized the field of biology and had a profound impact on our understanding of the natural world. Darwin’s ideas have stood the test of time and continue to shape scientific inquiry and our understanding of the diversity of life on Earth.

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Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865)

Abraham Lincoln – was an American lawyer, politician, and statesman who served as the 16th president of the United States.

On March 10, 1849, Abraham Lincoln filed a patent for a device for “buoying vessels over shoals” with the US Patent Office. Patent No. 6,469 was approved two months later, giving Abraham Lincoln the honour of being the only US president to hold a patent.

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Dmitriy Mendeleyev (8 February 1834 – 2 February 1907)

Dmitri Mendeleev – was a Russian chemist and inventor. He is best known for developing the periodic table of elements. This table, which arranges all of the known elements according to their atomic structure, has become one of the most important tools in the study of chemistry. Mendeleev’s periodic table provided a systematic way of organizing and understanding the properties of elements, and it helped to lay the foundation for modern atomic theory.

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Mary Elizabeth Anderson (February 19, 1866 – June 27, 1953)

Mary Anderson – was an American inventor real estate developer, rancherviticulturist, and inventor of the windshield wiper blade.

On November 10, 1903, Anderson was granted her first patent for an automatic car window cleaning device controlled from inside the car, called the windshield wiper.

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Sir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar (21 February 1894 – 1 January 1955)

Sir Shanti Swaroop Bhatnagar – was an Indian colloid chemist, academic, scientific administrator and researcher. He is widely regarded as the “father of research laboratories” in India and is best known for establishing the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in 1942, which became the premier industrial research organization in India. He was also the first Chairman of the University Grants Commission (UGC).

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Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (18 February 1745 – 5 March 1827)

Alessandro Volta – was an Italian scientist who invented the first electric battery, the Voltaic Pile. With this invention, Volta proved that electricity could be generated chemically and debunked the prevalent theory that electricity was generated solely by living beings. 

This helped start the study of electricity and electrical circuits.

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Chester Floyd Carlson (February 8, 1906 – September 19, 1968)

Chester Carlson – was an American physicist and patent attorney who invented xerography, a dry photocopying technique. His invention was developed and commercialized by the Xerox Corporation. Carlson is regarded as “the father of xerographic printing.”
On October 6, 1942, the Patent Office issued Carlson’s patent on electrophotography.

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Charles Herbert Best (February 27, 1899 – March 31, 1978) 

Charles Herbert Best – was a Canadian medical scientist who is best known for his work on insulin. He was a close collaborator of Sir Frederick Banting, who is often credited with discovering insulin, and together they played a key role in the development of insulin therapy for the treatment of diabetes. He also conducted important research on the mechanisms of insulin action and the ways in which it affects glucose metabolism.

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Emilio Gino Segrè (1 February 1905 – 22 April 1989) 

Emilio Gino Segrè – was an Italian-American physicist and  Nobel Prize in Physics winner.

Segrè is most famous for his discovery of the element technetium, the first artificially produced element, as well as the discovery of the antiproton, a type of subatomic particle.

He also played a key role in the Manhattan Project, which developed the first atomic bombs during World War II.

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Margaret Eloise Knight (February 14, 1838 – October 12, 1914)

Margaret Eloise Knight – was an American inventor, notably of the machine to produce flat-bottomed paper bags. She has been called “the most famous 19th-century woman inventor”.

She founded the Eastern Paper Bag Company in 1870, creating paper bags for groceries similar in form to the ones that would be used in later generations. Knight received dozens of patents in different fields, and became a symbol of women’s empowerment.

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Linus Carl Pauling (February 28, 1901 – August 19, 1994)

Linus Pauling – was an American chemist and biochemist. He was awarded two Nobel Prizes in Chemistry and Peace. He is best known for his theory of hybridization, which revolutionized our understanding of chemical bonding.

Pauling was also an advocate for world peace and made efforts to promote the use of nuclear disarmament. He was a strong advocate for vitamin C and its potential health benefits, and his work helped to popularize the idea of using high doses of vitamins for therapeutic purposes.

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Sir Peter Brian Medawar (28 February 1915 – 2 October 1987) 

Sir Peter Brian Medawar – was a Brazilian-British biologist and writer, whose works on graft rejection and the discovery of acquired immune tolerance have been fundamental to the medical practice of tissue and organ transplants. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1960. He demonstrated that the rejection of transplanted tissues was an immune response and showed that it could be prevented by transplanting tissues between identical twins or by treating the recipient with immunosuppressive drugs.

For his scientific works, he is regarded as the “father of transplantation”. 

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Jost Bürgi (28 February 1552 – 31 January 1632)

Jost Bürgi – was a Swiss mathematician and clockmaker. He was one of the first people to develop a method for constructing logarithmic tables. Bürgi’s contributions to mathematics were also important for the development of astronomy, navigation, and other fields that relied on accurate calculations.

He was also a skilled clockmaker and is credited with inventing a type of gear mechanism that became widely used in clockmaking. He was known for his precise and intricate clock designs, and his work helped to advance the art and science of clockmaking.

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Jacques de Vaucanson (February 24, 1709 – November 21, 1782)

Jacques de Vaucanson – was a French inventor and engineer. His work helped to lay the foundations for the development of modern robotics.

Vaucanson’s most famous creations were a flute player, a duck, and a digesting duck. The flute player was capable of playing a musical instrument, while the duck could flap its wings, swim, and even digest food. These automata were considered marvels of engineering and were widely admired for their lifelike movements and intricate design.

He also invented a number of automatic looms, which helped to improve the efficiency of textile production, and he also developed a new type of water turbine that was more efficient than previous designs.

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Herbert Henry Dow (February 26, 1866 – October 15, 1930)

Herbert Henry Dow  – was a Canadian-born American chemical industrialist who founded the American multinational conglomerate Dow Chemical. He developed new methods for producing chemicals, such as chlorine and caustic soda and a new method for producing bromine.

He was an early adopter of scientific management principles, which helped to streamline the company’s operations and improve its competitiveness.

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Walther Heinrich Wilhelm Ritz (22 February 1878 – 7 July 1909)

Walther Ritz – was a Swiss physicist. He is best known for his work with Johannes Rydberg on the Rydberg–Ritz combination principle. This method for solving differential equations helped to lay the foundations for the development of quantum mechanics.

Ritz also made important contributions to electromagnetic theory and the theory of light. He was also a talented teacher and inspired many young physicists with his enthusiasm for science.

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Heinrich Rudolf Hertz (22 February 1857 – 1 January 1894)

Heinrich Hertz – was a German physicist. He is best known for his work in verifying the existence of electromagnetic waves, which had been predicted by James Clerk Maxwell’s theories. Hertz’s experiments demonstrated the properties of these waves and laid the foundation for the development of modern radio and television technology.

Hertz’s name is now synonymous with the unit of frequency (Hz) used in the measurement of electromagnetic waves. He was awarded the Rumford Prize in 1888.

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Pierre Jules César Janssen (22 February 1824 – 23 December 1907)

Pierre Janssen – was a French astronomer. Janssen made his discovery while observing a solar eclipse in 1868 and noticing a new yellow spectral line in the sun’s chromosphere. This line was later confirmed to be the spectral signature of helium.

He was awarded the Lalande Prize in 1868 for his discovery of helium. He helped to lay the foundation for our understanding of the composition of the sun and other stars.

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Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet (22 February 1796 – 17 February 1874)

Adolphe Quetelet – was a Belgian mathematician and statistician.

He developed statistical methods for the study of human populations, including the concept of the “average man.” Quetelet argued that social phenomena could be studied scientifically and that the study of statistics was a necessary tool for understanding human behaviour.

He also made important contributions to the development of social indicators, such as the body mass index (BMI), and to the understanding of crime and mortality rates.

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Carl Peter Henrik Dam  (21 February 1895 – 17 April 1976) 

Henrik Dam, a Danish biochemist and physiologist, discovered vitamin K, essential for blood clotting. He demonstrated that a lack of this vitamin in a chicken’s diet causes a bleeding disorder.

Additionally, Dam advanced our understanding of lipid biochemistry and the role of lipids in the diet. He received several awards, including the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1943, for his achievements.

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Ludwig Eduard Boltzmann (20 February 1844 – 5 September 1906)

Ludwig Boltzmann, an Austrian physicist, developed the kinetic theory of gases. This theory explains the behaviour of macroscopic systems through the motion and interactions of particles. Boltzmann also worked on entropy and formulated the equation S = k log W, which connects entropy, the number of microstates, and the Boltzmann constant. His ideas and theories formed the basis of modern thermodynamics and greatly impacted physics.

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Roderick MacKinnon (born February 19, 1956)

Roderick MacKinnon – is a well-known biophysicist and structural biologist. His research focuses on the molecular basis of ion channel function. This work helps explain important physiological processes, such as electrical signalling and heart rate control and fluid balance.

MacKinnon won The Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2003 for his work on ion channels.

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John Harvey Kellogg (February 26, 1852 – December 14, 1943)

John Harvey Kellogg – was an American physician and inventor.

He created Corn Flakes and had over 50 patents. Today, Corn Flakes are a common breakfast food worldwide. The cereal became popular and is now a staple in households around the world.

John Harvey Kellogg was a pioneer in the field of health and wellness.

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Otto Stern (17 February 1888 – 17 August 1969) 

Otto Stern – was a renowned German physicist. He excelled in the fields of physics and astrophysics.

Stern’s most famous work was the measurement of the magnetic moment of atomic particles, which helped establish quantum mechanics.

For his achievements, he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1943.

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Ernst Waldfried Josef Wenzel Mach (18 February 1838 – 19 February 1916)

Ernst Mach – was an Austrian physicist. He is known for his contributions to shock wave physics and his impact on the theory of relativity. He challenged traditional ideas of absolute space and time and formulated the principle of Mach’s principle. Stating that a system’s behaviour is influenced by the behaviour of all other matter in the universe.

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Svante August Arrhenius (19 February 1859 – 2 October 1927)

Svante Arrhenius – was a Swedish scientist, physicist and chemist. He calculated the impact of CO2 on global temperature, now known as the Arrhenius effect. He was also one of the founders of the science of physical chemistry.

Arrhenius was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1903 for his work on electrolytic dissociation.

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Lodovico de Ferrari (2 February 1522 – 5 October 1565) 

Lodovico Ferrari – was a mathematician from Italy who advanced the field of algebra.

He solved quartic equations and discovered a formula for their general solution, paving the way for modern algebra and understanding higher-degree polynomials. This work helped lay the foundation for the development of modern algebra.

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Augustin Pyramus (or Pyrame) de Candolle  (4 February 1778 – 9 September 1841)

Augustin Pyramus de Candolle – was a Swiss botanist. He was the first to propose a natural system of plant classification, based on the physical characteristics of plants, rather than their medicinal or agricultural uses.

Candolle also played a key role in the development of the science of plant geography, which examines the distribution of plant species around the world. He conducted extensive research on the flora of Europe, Africa, and North America. His findings helped to establish the field of phytogeography.

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Jacques Philippe Marie Binet (2 February 1786 – 12 May 1856) 

Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, a French mathematician, is famous for his contributions to number theory. He developed Binet’s formula, which calculates the nth term of the Fibonacci sequence.

Binet played a key role in matrix theory, where he proposed the Binet-Cauchy theorem, which links the determinant of a product of matrices to the determinants of the individual matrices. His works are still relevant in modern mathematics.

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François-Alphonse Forel (February 2, 1841 – August 7, 1912)

François-Alphonse Forel, a Swiss scientist, pioneered the study of freshwater ecosystems, known as limnology. He conducted research on lakes, exploring their physical, chemical, and biological properties.

Forel developed new methods for measuring properties like temperature, conductivity, and dissolved oxygen. He also studied the geology and hydrology of lake basins, contributing to the foundation of modern limnology.

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Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse (3 February 1817 – 24 March 1881)

Achille Ernest Oscar Joseph Delesse, a French geologist and mineralogist. His research focused on the processes of erosion and sedimentation, and he made important contributions to the study of rock formations and mineral deposits.

Delesse is particularly renowned for his work on the application of geological maps in mineral exploration. He also emphasized the importance of using scientific methods to study natural phenomena.

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Gaston Maurice Julia (3 February 1893 – 19 March 1978)

Gaston Julia, a French Algerian mathematician. He devised the formula for the Julia set, which is a type of repeating pattern that forms from certain mathematical functions.

Julia also studied rational functions and their iterations, and he established the Julia-Fatou theory, which is now a fundamental concept in mathematics.

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Arne Carl-August Beurling (3 February 1905 – 20 November 1986)

Arne Beurling, a Swedish mathematician. He is most famous for his pioneering work on the Beurling-Malliavin theory, a branch of harmonic analysis with significant applications in signal processing and quantum mechanics.

During World War II, Beurling played a vital role in developing an encryption system for the Swedish military, which successfully hid messages.

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Ludwig Prandtl (4 February 1875 – 15 August 1953)

Ludwig Prandtl – was a German fluid dynamicist, physicist and aerospace scientist. He was a pioneer in the development of rigorous systematic mathematical analyses which he used for underlying the science of aerodynamics.

Prandtl also made important contributions to the study of turbulence, and he is credited with developing the concept of the ” Prandtl number,” which is used to describe the relationship between viscosity and thermal conductivity in a fluid.

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Clyde William Tombaugh  (February 4, 1906 – January 17, 1997)

Clyde William Tombaugh – was an American astronomer. He discovered Pluto in 1930, the first object to be discovered in what would later be identified as the Kuiper belt. At the time of discovery, Pluto was considered a planet but was reclassified as a dwarf planet in 2006. Tombaugh also discovered many asteroids and called for serious scientific research on unidentified flying objects.

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John Boyd Dunlop (5 February 1840 – 23 October 1921)

John Boyd Dunlop – was a Scottish inventor and veterinarian. He invented the first practical pneumatic (air-filled) tire.

Dunlop developed the tire in 1887 to improve the ride of his son’s tricycle, and it quickly gained popularity among cyclists for its ability to provide a smoother ride with less friction. His pneumatic tire design continues to be used in a wide variety of vehicles today, including bicycles, cars, and airplanes.

He also developed a range of cycling accessories and a chainless bicycle.

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Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim (5 February 1840 – 24 November 1916)

Sir Hiram Stevens Maxim – was an American-British inventor best known as the creator of the first automatic machine gun, the Maxim gun. Maxim held patents on numerous mechanical devices such as hair-curling irons, a mousetrap, and steam pumps.

He designed a highly successful amusement ride called the “Captive Flying Machine” to fund his research while generating public interest in flight.

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Charles Philippe Leblond (February 5, 1910 – April 10, 2007)

Charles Philippe Leblond – was a pioneer of cell biology and stem cell research and a Canadian former professor of anatomy. Leblond is notable for developing autoradiography and his work showing how cells continuously renew themselves, regardless of age.

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Robert Hofstadter (February 5, 1915 – November 17, 1990)

Robert Hofstadter – was an American physicist. He was the joint winner of the 1961 Nobel Prize in Physics (together with Rudolf Mössbauer) “for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his consequent discoveries concerning the structure of nucleons”.
In 1948 Hofstadter filed a patent on this for the detection of ionizing radiation by this crystal. These Thallium-activated sodium iodide detectors are widely used for gamma-ray detection to this day.

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Gerard Kitchen O’Neill (February 6, 1927 – April 27, 1992)

Gerard Kitchen O’Neill – was an American physicist and space activist. He invented a device called the particle storage ring for high-energy physics experiments. Later, he invented a magnetic launcher called the mass driver.

O’Neill founded Geostar Corporation to develop a satellite position determination system for which he was granted a patent in 1982
On November 18, 1991, O’Neill filed a patent application for a vactrain system.

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Franz Xaver Gabelsberger (9 February 1789 – 4 January 1849)

Franz Xaver Gabelsberger – was a German stenographer; the inventor of Gabelsberger shorthand.

In 1817, he began to develop a system that would make writing faster and easier Gabelsberger’s method caught on quickly, and he became the first stenographer for the Bavarian State Parliament.

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Daniel Bernoulli (8 February 1700 – 27 March 1782)

Daniel Bernoulli – was a Dutch-born member of the Swiss mathematical family. His most important work considered the basic properties of fluid flow, pressure, density and velocity, and gave the Bernoulli principle of critical use in aerodynamics.

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Ira Remsen (February 10, 1846 – March 4, 1927)

Ira Remsen – was an American chemist who discovered the artificial sweetener saccharin along with Constantin Fahlberg.

He was the second president of Johns Hopkins University.

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Jan Swammerdam (February 12, 1637 – February 17, 1680)

Jan Swammerdam – was a Dutch biologist and microscopist. His work on insects demonstrated that the various phases during the life of an insect—egg, larva, pupa, and adult—are different forms of the same animal.

In 1658, he was the first to observe and describe red blood cells. He was one of the first people to use the microscope in dissections.

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Cyrus Hall McCormick (February 15, 1809 – May 13, 1884) 

Cyrus H. McCormick – was an industrialist and inventor of the first commercially successful reaper, the horse-drawn machine to harvest wheat.

The mechanical reaper combined all the steps that earlier harvesting machines had performed separately. His time-saving invention allowed farmers to more than double their crop size and spurred innovations in farm machinery.

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Julian Seymour Schwinger (February 12, 1918 – July 16, 1994) 

Julian Seymour Schwinger – was a Nobel Prize-winning American theoretical physicist. He is best known for his work on quantum electrodynamics (QED), in particular for developing a relativistically invariant perturbation theory, and for renormalizing QED to one loop order.

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William Henry Fox Talbot (11 February 1800 – 17 September 1877)

William Henry Fox Talbot – was an English scientist, inventor, and photography pioneer.
He is best known for his development of the calotype process, an early photographic process.

On February 8, 1841, Talbot took out an English patent number 8842 for the calotype process and published it a few days later.

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Jacques Lucien Monod (February 9, 1910 – May 31, 1976)

Jacques Lucien Monod – was a French biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1965, sharing it with François Jacob and André Lwoff “for their discoveries concerning genetic control of enzyme and virus synthesis”.

For these contributions, he is widely regarded as one of the founders of molecular biology.

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Karl Ludwig Freiherr von Reichenbach (February 12, 1788 – January 19, 1869)

Karl von Reichenbach  – was a German scientist and baron. He was a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences. 

He is the discoverer of paraffin and creosote, as well as other chemical products based on that are of economic importance. In the last years of his life, von Reichenbach investigated hypothetical vital energy, which he called the odic force 

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Jacques Herbrand ( February 12, 1908 – July 27, 1931)

Jacques Herbrand – was a French mathematician.

He worked on mathematical logic and the theory of class fields. He introduced the concept of recursive functions.

Herbrand’s theorem refers to two completely different theorems. One is a result of his doctoral thesis in proof theory, and the other one is half of the Herbrand–Ribet theorem. He gave constructive proof of the non-contradiction of a weak system of arithmetic.

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Sir Charles William Oatley (14 February 1904 – 11 March 1996)

Sir Charles William Oatley – was a Professor of Electrical Engineering, at the University of Cambridge.

Oatley and the graduate students he supervised made substantial contributions, particularly to the development of one of the first commercial scanning electron microscope (SEM).

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William Bradford Shockley Jr. (February 13, 1910 – August 12, 1989)

William Shockley, Stanford professor and winner of the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics for his co-invention of the transistor, was arguably the single person most responsible for ushering in the computer age.
In 1938, he received his first patent, “Electron Discharge Device”, on electron multipliers.

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Fritz Zwicky ( February 14, 1898 – February 8, 1974)

Fritz Zwicky – was a Swiss astronomer.

In the 1930s, he noticed that galaxies within clusters were zooming around far quicker than their mass would logically dictate. So he figured that there must be some extra mass in there. He imaginatively called this unseen dark matter describing it as “dunkle Materie“.
He developed some of the earliest jet engines and holds more than 50 patents, many in jet propulsion. He invented the Underwater Jet.

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Charles Thomson Rees Wilson (14 February 1869 – 15 November 1959)

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson – was a Scottish physicist and meteorologist.

Wilson was given the Nobel Prize in 1927 in Physics for his invention of the cloud chamber.

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Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin (15 February 1873 – 6 November 1964)

Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin – was a German-born Swedish biochemist.

He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1929 with Arthur Harden for their investigations on the fermentation of sugar and enzymes.

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